1. Where is Oman? Locations and its history
Beyond the walls of its capital, Muscat, we can find a secure and welcoming country with transforming scenery that transit between the desert and also the warm Indian; and a population which will get you just like you were a part of it. Oman is a nation situated in western Asia, on the eastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. It borders the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, with Saudi Arabia to the west and also Yemen to the southwest. The coast, in the meantime, is formed by the Arabian Sea to the south and east, and with the Gulf of Oman to the northeast ( More on: https://visaoman.info)
To speak a little with regards to its history, we have that Oman extends its origins to the Stone Age, because there are indications of human settlements in the area, specifically in Ras al-Hamra, Al Wattih and Harappa. Furthermore, the metropolis appears named for the first time in the 1st century AD. C., particularly when Greeks and Romans documented the presence of an important commercial port, what is now currently known as “Port of Muscat”, a link between East and West.
What happened to the Sassanid Empire?
The fights for power over the port of Muscat have been constant over the centuries because of its strategic location between the Arabian Sea, the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf. In other words, numerous have been the countries that have disputed the ownership of the territory, so it has been a crucial factor for the growth and history of the nation.
In the third century, after going through the hands of Babylonians and Assyrians, Shapur I started an attack on the port, becoming under Persian rule.
What about the Conversion to Islam?
The Imamate era commenced when conversion to Islam occurred. This occurred in the 7th century and in the year 751 the first Imam was already founded. From then on, this time frame that commenced and it extended until the middle of the 12th century.
What was the Portugueses in the battles for power over the metropolis?
The Portuguese fleet first found its way to Muscat in 1507, but they were met with shots from the port. The battles for power over the city were devastating, but finally the Portuguese dominated over a century. It was then that the Muscat fortresses were constructed, to protect against maritime attacks. Nevertheless, this did not prevent the conquest of the Turks, which took place twice (in 1552 and from 1581 to 1588.)
What about the Yaruba Dynasty?
In 1624, Nasir bin Murshid was chosen imam of Oman, he was the one who got rid of the Portuguese and also was responsible for uniting the country. He was also the creator of the Yaruba dynasty and from it all of the rulers of Oman emerged till 1749. It was a period of excellent territorial growth since they conquered cities of East Africa such as Mombasa or Zanzibar.
What do we know about the Al Said Dynasty?
Declivity started in the middle of the 18th century, after having a civil war and the continuing incursions of the Persian king Nadir Shah. At that time, there was a power vacuum that resulted in theemergence of the Al Said dynasty. The most prominent leader of the 19th century was Said bin Sultan; he improved military superiority and beaten Zanzibar.
How were your internal disputes?
Conflicts between tribes within the Oman and the Sultanate resurfaced in the 20th century, culminating in 1962 with the Dhofar rebellion. Sultan Said bin Taimur had to ask the United Kingdom for help to quell the revolts and even had to move his home from Muscat to Salalah.
Qaboos bin Said
On July 23, 1970, Qaboos bin Said (son of the Sultan) started a coup d’etat and overthrew his dad. Ever since then, it has the total power of the country, famous as Sultanate of Oman. No, he is also Prime Minister, Minister of Defense, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Finance. His recognized residence is in the Al Alam Palace.